Essential Elements of a Comprehensive Eye Exam

ORANGEKID.jpgThere are several essential elements an eye doctor will check during a comprehensive eye examination to help ensure learning is maximized through good vision.

Visual acuity is measured at several distances so students can comfortably and efficiently read, work on the computer or see the chalkboard.

Accommodation is an important skill that is tested. Eyes must be able to focus on a specific object, and easily shift focus from one object to another. This allows a child to move attention from a book to the chalkboard and back.

Visual alignment and ocular motility are evaluated. Ideally, the muscles that aim each eye converge so that both eyes are aimed at the same object, refining depth perception.

Eye teaming skills are assessed. These skills are critical to coordinating and aligning both eyes precisely so the brain can fuse the pictures it receives from each eye into a single image.

Eye tracking skills are tested to determine whether the child can track across a page accurately and efficiently while reading, and can copy material quickly and easily from the chalkboard or another piece of paper.

Testing preschoolers' color vision is important because a large part of the early educational process involves the use of color identification.

Eye-hand-body coordination, critical for handwriting, throwing a ball or playing an instrument, and visual perception, used to interpret and understand visual information like form, size, orientation, texture and color perception, is another important visual function that is tested.

Overall eye health is determined by examining the structures of the eye.